You can define a default value for a field via the configuration setting in the Status field. At the bottom you can see where you can set default values.
You can also set up a page with a Saved Filter for specific values.
As an example, if you have a filter like the one above set up on a page of Assets, whenever you create a new Asset, the Type field will be populated with “Prop” and the Description field will be pre-populated with “These are Props.”
A third option is to generate a URL to pre-populate creation forms.